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Reading Strategies for Reading Logs
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Make and Confirm Predictions
Before reading, the student should make one or more predictions about what they think will happen in their story. After reading they need to confirm their predictions by stating whether or not what they thought was going to happen did or not.

For example
--> Predict: I think Mary's family will find out that they kitten they are feeding was a present from Mrs. Hanson and not just a stray in the neighborhood.
--> Confirm: Mary's family did not find out about the kitten because Mary and her brother distracted their mom and Mrs. Hanson until the subject changed.

Self-Questioning
As the students read and try to make sense of the story they naturally develop questions. As these questions arise, they are required to write them down. If their question is answered they must write the answer to their question.

For example: Why can't Walnut hit the target? How did Walnut's uncle get his name, Brings the Dear?

Walnut's uncle tested his sight and realized he had trouble with his vision.

Create Mental Images
The students are encouraged to create mental images while they are reading (we also call them "mental movies"). This should be happening throughout their reading. When they are finished reading they need to write down at least 2 of the most clear mental images that they formed. This should be described in detail.

For example: I could see the look of "disdain" on Holly's face when Mary was talking to her about her mother playing the piano for her audition. She did not look happy!

Making Judgements
The students are asked to formulate an opinion about something specific in their reading (i.e. character, setting, etc.) and write a sentence that supports their opinion.

For example: Molly is a very caring person and people like to be around her. I think this because she has helped to raise money for the poor families in her community.

Making Connections
The students are asked to write down any times during which they are reading when they are reminded of something that has happened to them/a family member or if they are reminded of a book they read or a movie they saw.

For example: When Elena's family moved to California it reminded me of when I moved to Florida when I was young. I was scared and nervous just like Elena's family because I didn't know anyone and I didn't know what to expect.

Main Idea
After the students are finished reading they are to write down the main idea of what they just read. If they read 10 pages, then they write down the main idea of those 10 pages, not the whole book.

Reading Log Requirement- Write 1-2 sentences describing the main idea of what you just read.

Example: The main idea was that Tricia wanted to do something better than her brother. He always did things better than her and she was tired of that!

Vocabulary Hunter
When students are reading they are to write down any words in which they do not know the meaning. Then they must look the word up in a dictionary or ask an adult for the meaning of the word.

Reading Log Requirement- Write the word(s) that the student didn’t know the meaning of and its definition. Being that many words have multiple meanings, we would like the students to be aware of the various meanings but just write down the meaning that makes sense in the sentence of their book.

Example: independent – to do something by yourself
foreign – strange or unfamiliar
armor - a protective covering

Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots
Prefixes, Suffixes and Roots
A prefix is a word part added to the beginning of a root word or a root to change its meaning.
A suffix is a word part added to the end of a root word or root to change its meaning.
A root is the basic part of a word that gives the word its meaning.
Reading Log Requirement – Record 3 words in your reading that have prefixes or suffixes added to them. Remember that –s and –es are suffixes. Record the root and the prefix and/or suffix
Ex. - Prefix + Root + Suffix = Word
un will ing unwilling


Thought-Provoking Questions
During and/or after reading, the students should come up with a thought provoking question about what they are reading. A thought provoking question is one that does not have a simple answer. Rather, a thought provoking question helps readers think in new ways. The students should then write an answer to their question.

For example, In the Paper Bag Princess, we discussed the idea that Elizabeth is brave. We could change that sentence to a thought provoking question like, “What makes Elizabeth brave?”

Example:

What makes Elizabeth brave?

Elizabeth was forced to be brave when she stood up to the dragon because she wanted to save Ronald from the dragon.



Fact and Opinion
Facts tell what is happening or what has happened and can be proven.
Opinion tells how the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something, but it cannot be proven. An opinion may include such words as should, must and ought or phrases such as in my opinion or I think. Readers also develop opinions about characters in their reading.

Reading Log Requirement – Write 2 facts or opinions (or one of each) that the author has written in your book and explain how you know that they are fact or opinion. You can also write an opinion that you have about a character in your book.

Example: Fact – Richard picked more blackberries than his sister did.
Opinion – Richard and Patricia like sleeping outside under the stars with their Bubbie.

Summarizing
After reading, the students will write a summary of what they just read (not the entire book, unless they have just finished the book). They should include transition words such as "in the beginning", "first", "it all started when" --- "then", "next", "after that" --- "now", "currently", "finally" to indicate what part of the book they are talking about.

Reading Log Requirement - Write a summary of what you just read using appropriate transitions words.

Example: First there was a shepherd who was looking after his sheep. Then he got bored and started to cry wolf when there wasn't one around. Finally, a wold did come and no one came to help him because they thought he was lying.

Cause and Effect
A cause is an action that makes something else happen. An effect is something that happens as a result of an earlier action.

To identify causes and effects, readers can ask themselves: What happened? This is the effect. Why did it happen? This is the cause.

Sometimes you can identify a cause-and-effect text structure by looking for signal words, such as cause, because, due to, since, so, and as a result.

Reading Log Requirement- The students must write a sentence for a cause and a sentence for a related effect that makes sense for what they just read.

Example: Cause- Many trees in the Kern River Preserve were old and rotten.
Effect – The trees had to be cut down.
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