S Symbol: examine the title and text for symbolism
I Imagery: identify images and sensory details
F Figures of Speech: analyze figurative language and other devices
T Tone and Theme: discuss how all devices reveal tone and theme
LEAD (Method of Analyzing Diction)
L Low or informal diction (dialect, slang, jargon)
E Elevated language or formal diction
A Abstract and Concrete diction
D Denotation and Connotation
D Diction: The connotation of the word choice
I Images: Vivid appeals to understanding through the senses
D Details: Facts that are included or those omitted
L Language: The overall use of language, such as formal, clinical, jargon
S Sentence Structure: how structure affects the readers attitude
T Title: Ponder the title before reading the poem
P Paraphrase: Translate the poem into your own words
C Connotation: Contemplate the poem for meaning beyond the literal
A Attitude: Observe both the speakers and the poets attitude (tone)
S Shifts: Note shifts in speakers and in attitudes
T Title: Examine the title again, this time on an interpretive level
T Theme: Determine what the poet is saying
SMELL (Rhetorical Analysis)
S Sender-receiver relationship
E Emotional strategies
L Logical strategies
TWIST (for writing responses)
W Word Choice
I Imagery and Detail
T - Theme
S - Speaker: Who is speaking in the work
O - Occasion: What event prompted the speaker to utter or write these words?
A - Audience: To whom are these words directed?
P - Purpose: What is the speaker's purpose in delivering these words?
S -Subject: What is the subject of this work?
T - Theme/Tone: What is the tone or attitude of the speaker? What devices are used to convey the tone? What is the theme?