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Mrs. Atcher's Class Site   Northeast High School

Literary Acronyms


S – Symbol: examine the title and text for symbolism
I – Imagery: identify images and sensory details
F – Figures of Speech: analyze figurative language and other devices
T – Tone and Theme: discuss how all devices reveal tone and theme

LEAD (Method of Analyzing Diction)

L – Low or informal diction (dialect, slang, jargon)
E – Elevated language or formal diction
A – Abstract and Concrete diction
D – Denotation and Connotation


D – Diction: The connotation of the word choice
I – Images: Vivid appeals to understanding through the senses
D – Details: Facts that are included or those omitted
L – Language: The overall use of language, such as formal, clinical, jargon
S – Sentence Structure: how structure affects the reader’s attitude

T – Title: Ponder the title before reading the poem
P – Paraphrase: Translate the poem into your own words
C – Connotation: Contemplate the poem for meaning beyond the literal
A – Attitude: Observe both the speaker’s and the poet’s attitude (tone)
S – Shifts: Note shifts in speakers and in attitudes
T – Title: Examine the title again, this time on an interpretive level
T – Theme: Determine what the poet is saying

SMELL (Rhetorical Analysis)
S – Sender-receiver relationship
M – Message
E – Emotional strategies
L – Logical strategies
L – Language

TWIST (for writing responses)
T – Tone
W – Word Choice
I – Imagery and Detail
S – Style
T - Theme

S - Speaker: Who is speaking in the work
O - Occasion: What event prompted the speaker to utter or write these words?
A - Audience: To whom are these words directed?
P - Purpose: What is the speaker's purpose in delivering these words?
S -Subject: What is the subject of this work?
T - Theme/Tone: What is the tone or attitude of the speaker? What devices are used to convey the tone? What is the theme?
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